The district has an area of 2,552.50 km2. The district is basically hilly, lying at an elevation of 1,000 to 2,600 metres above MSL, and divided between the Nilgiri plateau and the lower, smaller Wayanad plateau. The district lies at the juncture of the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. Its latitudinal and longitudinal location is 130 km (Latitude: 11°12 N to 11°37 N) by 185 km (Longitude : 76°30 E to 76°55 E). The district is bounded by Coimbatore to the south, Erode to the east, Chamarajnagar district of Karnataka to the north, and Wayanad, Malappuram and Palakkad districts of Kerala to the east. In this district the topography is rolling, with steep escarpments; about 60% of the cultivable land is slopes ranging from 16° to 35°. The rolling hills of the Downs look quite similar to the Downs in southern England, and were formerly used for such activities as hunting and picnicking.
The Nilgiris was preferred by the British for its moderate 'English-like' climate.
The elevation of the Nilgiris results in a much cooler and wetter climate than the surrounding plains, so the area is popular as a comfortable retreat and is good for tea cultivation.
During summer the temperature reaches a maximum of 25 °C (77 °F) and a minimum of 10 °C (50 °F). During winter the temperature maximum is 20 °C (68 °F) and the minimum 0 °C (32 °F). The district regularly receives rain during both the Southwest Monsoon and the Northeast Monsoon. The entire Gudalur and Pandalur, Kundah Taluks and parts of Udhagamandalam Taluk get rain from the Southwest Monsoon, while part of Udhagamandalam Taluk and the entire Coonoor and Kotagiri Taluks get rains of the Northeast Monsoon. There are 16 rainfall-registering stations in the district, and the average annual rainfall of the district is 1,920.80 mm.
The principal town of the area is Ootacamund, also known as Ooty or Udhagamandalam, the district headquarters. It has several buildings designed in the British style, particularly the churches, many of which were designed by architect Robert F. Chisholm. A road junction became known as Charing Cross (after famous intersections in London and Lahore). The other main towns in the Nilgiris are Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Wellington. Several tourist spots in Coonoor include Lambs Rock and Sims Park, where a Fruit Show is held during each summer. Ooty too has an annual summer flower show.
Ooty enjoys a salubrious and comfortable weather all through the year, unlike rest of India, where the climates and rainfalls get to the extreme. During summer seasons the temperatures ranges around 25 degrees Celsius, while winters range between 0 degree Celsius and 21 degrees in Ooty. The region receives an average rainfall of 1100 mm per annum, getting rains during South-West and North-East monsoons. The winters fall in the month of January and February with the nights being relatively more chilling and calling for woolen clothing, while summers remain as pleasant as spring.
The Nilgiris (Nilgiris) District : Census 2011-2020 data
An official Census 2011 detail of The Nilgiris (Nilgiris), a district of Tamil Nadu has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Tamil Nadu. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in The Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu.
In 2011, The Nilgiris had population of 735,394 of which male and female were 360,143 and 375,251 respectively. In 2001 census, The Nilgiris had a population of 762,141 of which males were 378,351 and remaining 383,790 were females.The Nilgiris District population constituted 1.02 percent of total Maharashtra population. In 2001 census, this figure for The Nilgiris District was at 1.22 percent of Maharashtra population.
There was change of -3.51 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, The Nilgiris District recorded increase of 7.31 percent to its population compared to 1991.
The Nilgiris Population 2020
What is the population of The Nilgiris in 2020? The fact is, last census for The Nilgiris district was done only in 2011 and next such census would only be in 2021. But as per estimate and projection, population of Thane district in 2018 is 7.20 Lakhs compared to 2011 census figure of 7.35 Lakhs.
Proportion to Tamilnadu population
Child Sex Ratio(0-6 Age)
Total Child Population (0-6 Age)
Male Population(0-6 Age)
Female Population (0-6 Age)